Resources - Immunization Financing
Economics of Immunization: a guide
to the literature and other resources (WHO, 2004)
In support of improving vaccination coverage worldwide,
this annotated bibliography on cost and financing
issues "is intended as a tool for donor agencies,
ministries of health and finance in developing countries,
public health institutions and universities, as well
as the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization
Document (PDF, 1,638KB)
Evaluation of GAVI Immunization Service
Support Funding (Abt Associates, 2004)
A recent multi-country evaluation found generally
positive results from the flexible ISS funding and
that it was well used by country programs.
Consolidated Study (PDF, 357KB)
Evaluation of the First Five Years of GAVI Immunization Services Support Funding (Abt Associates, 2007)
This follow up evaluation reviews the results of the first five years (2000-2005) of the immunization services support (ISS) funding scheme and uses statistical analysis to conclude that ISS had a significant positive effect on DTP3 coverage. The study report and country case studies are available on GAVI's site.
Download Document (PDF, 614KB)
Advocacy for Immunization: How to
generate and maintain support for vaccination programmes
(Children's Vaccine Program at PATH, 2000)
Advocacy refers to efforts to influence policy and
decision makers, to fight for social change, to transform
public perceptions and attitudes, to modify behaviors,
or to mobilize human and financial resources. This
publication provides clear, step-by-step instructions
on how to plan and carry out such activities effectively.
in English (PDF,
in French (PDF,
in Spanish (PDF,
in Russian (PDF,
Advanced Immunization Management
(AIM) training module on Immunization Financing (Stanford
University, PATH, and GAVI, 2004)
This module teaches financial skills to help managers
strengthen their immunization programs. Currently
includes an introduction to the basics of immunization
financing, and information on the vaccine market,
costing, budgeting, financing, and strategies to
GAVI (Global Alliance for Vaccine and Immunization) and Immunization and Financing Sustainability Working Group
www.gavialliance.org and the GAVI Financing Task Force have reports and tools related to immunization financing
World Health Organization Immunization
This website has extensive information on immunization
financing including data from the Financial Sustainability
Plans (FSPs) submitted by countries to the Global
Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI).
Other resources, guidelines and tools are also
available through this website.
Immunization Financing Analysis - A look across 42
This website presents analysis from Financial Sustainability Plans (FSP) from 42 countries.
Vaccine Financing Indicators Analysis
This analysis reviews the vaccine financing indicators that are collected through the WHO UNICEF Joint Reporting Form (JRF) mechanism.
Download Document (PDF, 384KB)
Comprehensive Multi-Year Plan (cMYP) guidelines and cMYP costing and financing tool
This website provides the guidelines and the spreadsheet tools for completing a cMYP.
This website provides useful cost-effectiveness models for pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines to support decision making for vaccine introduction.
International Financing Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm)
The IFFIm is an innovative new financing mechanism which was designed to accelerate the availability of funds for immunization by frontloading investments. The IFFIm is implemented by the GAVI Alliance.
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