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Strengthening routine immunization services and sustainable financing for immunization

Resources - Disease Control Initiatives and Routine Immunization


Checklist and indicators for optimizing the impact of polio activities on EPI (BASICS, WHO, 2001)

Initially drafted by BASICS and then condensed by WHO, this matrix contains many practical ideas on how to take advantage of immunization campaigns to support routine immunization.

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Communication for polio eradication and routine immunization—Checklists and easy reference guides (WHO, UNICEF, USAID, 2002)

This useful compilation contains 19 two-to-three page tools and summaries of experience on various aspects of communication support for immunization. Major sections include: planning and strategies, messages and media, and monitoring and supervision. Print copies available from or by faxing 41 22 791 4193.

Download Document, English (PDF, 3,408KB)

Download Document, French (PDF, 1,291KB)

Communication Handbook for Polio Eradication and Routine EPI (UNICEF, USAID, BASICS, 2000)

Developed with input from numerous international agency and African country staff, this handbook provides a user-friendly, step-by-step approach for planning, implementing and monitoring integrated communication activities in support of routine and supplemental immunizations and surveillance.

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Impact of Targeted Programs on Health Systems: A Case Study of the Polio Eradication Initiative (American Journal of Public Health, 2002)

Based on field studies, the authors argue that improved planning in disease eradication initiatives can minimize disruptions in the delivery of other services and maximize positive impact on routine services.

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Fiches Technique de Rougeole (DRC/MOH/EPI, BASICS, May 2001) French only

This set of technical tools is designed for use by health workers in the field as a reference material on measles epidemiology, control strategies, organizing supplemental campaigns, identifying cases and detecting outbreaks, case management, reinforcing routine immunization and injection safety. Although designed for use in DRC, the technical content is relevant for health staff involved in measles control efforts in any country.

Download Document, French (PDF, 169KB)

Guide de Control de la Rougeole (DRC/MOH/EPI, BASICS, 2001)

This comprehensive guide is a practical tool for program managers and health staff in the field who are responsible for routine vaccination and/or supplemental measles activities and surveillance. It provides details on detecting and investigating a measles outbreak, measles control strategies, determining vaccine requirements for intensifying immunization (including routine), and case management of measles patients at the Primary Health Care level. It was adapted from the draft document "Measles Outbreak Response: A Guide for District Medical Officers" by the Uganda National EPI and Save the Children Fund (UK).

Download Document, French (PDF, 141KB)

Download Uganda Document, English (PDF, 2,679KB)

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Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus (MNT)

Eliminating Neonatal Tetanus (BASICS, 2001)

This synopsis of NNT elimination issues reviews recent and current program strategies, discusses epidemiological, cultural and health service factors that must be dealt with, and presents a range of recommendations to overcome these challenges.

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Communication for Immunization Campaigns for Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination (Save the Children, UNICEF, 2006)

The purpose of this guide is to describe how to design and carry out a social mobilization program to create demand and increase participation during immunization campaigns and routine immunizations.

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Using Early Childhood Booster Doses to Maintain the Elimination of Neonatal Tetanus (BASICS, 1998)

This monograph includes: (1) a discussion of the evolution of NNT control strategies and the role of early childhood boosters; (2) figures and graphs that illustrate why school children, under specific circumstances, should be vaccinated in early grades; and (3) recommendations for practical ways to introduce preschool and school-age tetanus boosters.

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Field manual for neonatal tetanus elimination (WHO, 1999)

This manual is intended primarily for national and district managers who plan and carry out neonatal tetanus elimination activities. It is a practical, step-by-step guide for assessing current activities and improving activities, especially in high-risk districts.

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